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Tuesday, 11 November 2008

Qur'an Syllabus

The Qur'an syllabus is set out for the classes from the very young to the older children. The idea is to ensure that the children are not only able to read the Qur'an fluently, but also to memorise some of it and be able to understand some principles which have been brought up within the Qur'an.

 

Qur’an Syllabus

Class 1

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-                     Hifdh:

o       Memorisation of the following Surahs (should be strictly correctly by repetition in class):

§        Al Fatiha (1)

§        Al Tawhid (112)

-                     Tajweed:

o       Recognition and correct pronunciation of the Arabic alphabets (Huruuf al Hija’iyah)

 

-                     Tafseer:

o       Main themes of the surahs memorised.

 

Note:

-           Number of surahs memorised   in any class should be limited to the number that can be safely memorised correctly

-                     Many children may already know the surahs we are going to teach - but they may not always know them correctly - to teach correctly to such children will be a harder job. Each teacher should encourage parents to use good cassettes for this purpose.

 

-           MELS green Qur’an text is a good book to use as the basis for classes 1-5 syllabus as: -

o       there is also available the red teacher’s text with explanations

o       accompanying cassettes for makhraj etc.

o       Qur’an teachers should encourage parents to use these to help their children at home.

 

-                     As for Qur’an teachers themselves, besides using the green Qur’an text as a broad outline for the syllabus, they may use any other book they find suitable to reinforce their teaching.

 

-                     Maximum communication with parents should be maintained throughout the year


Class 2

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-                     Hifdh:

o       Memorisation of the following Surahs:

§        Al Kawthar (108)

§        Al Asr (103)

§        An Nas (104)

§        Revise Surahs from class 1

 

-                     Qiraat and Adaab:

o       Saying “Bismillah”

 

-                     Tajweed:

o       Page 1-12 of MELS Qur’an text (green)

 

-                     Tafseer:

o       Main themes of the Surahs memorised with stories


Class 3

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-                     Hifdh

o       Memorisation of the following Surahs:

§        Al Falaq (113)

§        Al Qadr (97)

§        An Nasr (110)

§        Revise Surahs of class 1 and 2

 

-                     Qiraat and Aadab:

o       Discipline

o       Wudhu

 

-                     Tajweed:

o       Page 1-25 of the green Qur’anic Text book

 

-                     Tafseer:

o       Main themes of the Surah memorised


Class 4

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-                     Hifdh:

o       Memorisation of the following Surahs:

§        Al Lahab  (111)

§        Al Fil (105)

§        Al Kafirun  (109)

§        Revise surah learnt in previous classes

 

-                     Qiraat and Aadab:

o       Saying ‘Audhu Billah’

o       Saying ‘bismillah’ except for surah At Tauba (9)

o       Discipline in handling Holy Qur’an

 

-                     Tajweed:

o       Page 1-35 of the green Qur’an Text book

 

-                     Tafseer

o       Main theme of the Surahs memorised

 


Class 5

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-                     Hifdh:

o       Memorisation of the following Surahs:

§        At Teen (95)

§        Al Humazah (104)

§        Al Ma’un (107)

§        Al Quraysh (106)

§        Revise all Surahs of previous years

 

-                     Qiraat and Adaab:

o       Respect when Holy Qur’an is recited – silence, attention

o       Facing Qibla

o       Covering the head

 

-                     Tajweed:

o       Page 1 – 49 (the whole book) of the green Qur’an

 

-                     Tafseer

o       Main themes of the Surahs memorised

 


Class 6

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-                     Hifdh:

o       Memorisation of the following Surahs and Aayaat:

§        Ayat al Kursi  (2:255-257)

§        Ash Shahad (3:18-19)

§        Al Mulk (3:26-27)

§        Amanar-Rasul (2:285-286)

 

-                     Qiraat and Aadab:

o       Tilawah (recitation):

§        its importance

§        tone

§        speed

 

o       Those children who have memorised all the previously mentioned Surahs under the Hifdh section may start reading the Holy Qur’an from the beginning

o       Teach how to look up aayat of Qur’an

o       Give aayat to look up and write in a book and learn - provide ayat numbers

 

-                     Tajweed:

o       Effect of incorrect pronunciation to the meaning

o       Give examples

 

-                     Ma’lumaat and tarikh:

o       Names of the first ten surah of the Holy Qur’an (numbers: 1-10)

o       How they have acquired these names

o       Meaning of Juz’  surah,  aya.

 

-                     Tafseer:

o       Main themes of the Aayat and Surah memorised

 

Note:

-                     At this stage the Qur’an teacher should insist:-

o       that the students have a separate note book for writing ayat with their meaning.

o       this same notebook be carried forward to next year and subsequent years adding more ayat with meaning and notes


Class 7

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-                     Hifdh:

o       Memorisation of the following Surahs:

§        At Takathur (102)

§        Al Zilzal (99)

§        Al Inshirah (94)

§        Revise previous surahs from time to time

 

-                     Qiraat and Aadab:

o       Importance of daily recitation

o       Significance and merit of reciting the Holy Qur’an, especially –

§        Al Fatiha  (1)

§        An Naba (78)

§        Aayat al Kursi  (2:255-257)

o       Reading practise of the following Surahs:

§        Nos: 91,90,89,88,83,82,81,80,79 and 78 or use beginning of Qur’an.

o       Encourage to look up more Ayats from the Holy Qur’an and to write with their meanings

 

-                     Ma’lumaat and Tarikh:

o       names of next 10 Surah of Holy Qur’an (Numbers: 11-20)

o       How they have acquired these names

o       Meaning of Ruku’, Nisf, Manzil

 

-                     Tafseer:

o       Main themes of the Surahs memorised

 


Class 8

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-                     Hifdh:

o       Memorisation of the following ayats:-

§        At Tathir  (33:33)

§        Al Mubahalah (3:61)

§        Al Mawaddah (42:23)

§        Revise previous surahs from time to time

 

-                     Qiraat and Aadab:

o       Reward of reading the Holy Qur’an .

o       etiquette of reading the Holy Qur’an - 6th Imam’s Hadith concerning this.

o       Wajib and Sunnah Sajdah and their masails;

§        4 Surahs in which wajib Sajdah are:

·        Surah Sajdah (32)

·        Surah Ha Mim (41)

·        Surah Najm (53)

·        Surah Alaq (96)

 

o       Reading duas from the Holy Qur’an e.g 2:286, 3:8

o       Reading practise :-

§        Choose any surah (long) from the Qur’an

 

-                     Ma’lumaat and Tarikh:

o       Names of the next 20 surah of the Holy Qur’an (Numbers: 21-40)

o       How they have acquired these names.

o       Meaning and plurals of Juz,  surah,  ayat.

o       Common names of Holy Qur’an and their meanings.

o       Main themes of ayat memorised


Class 9

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-                     Qiraat and Aadab:

o       Significance and merits of reciting the Holy Qur’an especially:

§        Yasin  (36)

§        Ar Rahman (55)

§        Al Waqiya  (56)

§        Al Mulk (67)

§        Al Muzammil  (73)

 

o       Recitation of the Holy Qur’an in prayers

o       Reciting with a melodious voice

o       importance of purifying one’s body and clothes before recitation.

o       Reading practise of the following surahs:

§        Numbers:- 36, 56 and 67

o       Advise of Hazrat Luqman to his sons (31)

 

-                     Ma’lumaat and Tarikh:

o       Names of the next 20 surah of the Holy Qur’an (Numbers: 41-60)

o       How they acquired these names.

 

-                     Tafseer:

o       Distinguishing between translation and commentary.

o       English translation of the Holy Qur’an

 

 

Seniors 1

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-                     Qiraat and Aadab:

o       Necessity of complete participation of soul heart, body, tongue and mind while reciting (Hadith of the 6th Imam)

o       Importance of physical posture while reciting: Holy Qur’an - should reflect submission

o       Reading with concentration and understanding

o       Importance of reading Holy Qur’an with a translation

o       Common English translations available:

§        M.H Shakir

§        S.V. Mir Ahmed Ali

 

-                     Qasas:

o       Nabi Musa(A)  and Nabi Khidr  (A)  (Al Kahaf  (18))

§        no rationalisation of Islamic law

§        teacher - student relationship

o       Nabi Zakariya(A)  and Nabi Yahya(A)

o       Reading practise of Surah Al Kahaf  (18)

 

-                     Ma’lumaat and Tarikh:

o       Study of the Holy Qur’an:

§        learning to recite

§        understanding

§        reflecting

§        interacting

§        applying

 

o       The Holy Qur’an as a miracle:

§        living book, authentic, unchanging, its language.

o       Names of the next 20 surahs of Holy Qur’an (Numbers: 61-80)

o       How they acquired these names

 


Seniors 2

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-                     Qiraat and Adaab:

o       Basic prerequisites of Qur’an recitation

§        firm faith and conviction

§        knowledge of purpose of recitation

§        readiness to accept truth,  knowledge and guidance

§        readiness to reform attitude and behaviour

§        realisation of being in the presence of Allah and being addressed by Him

§        concentration

 

o       Memorisation

§        Importance

§        tips and useful methods of memorisation

 

o       teaching Holy Qur’an to others - its reward and importance

o       The seven Qurra  (reciters)

 

-                     Ma’lumaat and Tarikh:                            

o       Effects of the Holy Qur’ an on our lives (59:21, 7:143, 33:72)

o       How Muslims have forsaken the Holy Qur’an

o       Verses from Holy Qur’an showing that it wasn’t written by the Holy Prophet (S)

 

-                     Nuzuul and Jam’:

o       Different modes of revelation

o       Makki and Madani - what they are and the difference between them

o       Revelation and recording of Holy Qur’an

o       Compilation and arrangement of Surahs

 


Seniors 3

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-                     Qasas:

o       Historical events from the Holy Qur’an and lessons derived:

§        Nabi Nuh (A)

·        the flood

·        his son’s rejection.

o       why Qasas in the Holy Qur’an ? Its importance.

o       how to derive lessons from the Qasas in Holy Qur’an.

 

-                     Nuzuul and Jam’:

o       Holy Qur’an, Hadith al Qudsi - difference and similarities

o       what the Qur’an says about revelation

o       reasons for revelation (Asbaab al Nuzuul)  and the need for revelation - why intellect does not suffice mankind’s guidance

o       reasons for revelation of Holy Qur’an in parts

o       number of Aayaat in the Holy Qur’an – reasons for the differences

o       names of the surahs of the Holy Qur’an and how they were acquired

o       sequences and order of revelation of Surah in Makka and Medina.

 

-                     Tafseer:

o       Tafseer al Qur’an – definition

o       Ta’wil - its meaning, similarity and difference to Tafseer

o       Holy Qur’ an commentary:

§        its advent and development

§        the science of Holy Qur’an commentary

§        the early groups of commentators

§        the methods used by Shia commentators and their different groupings

 

o       types of Holy Qur’an verses:

§        explicit and implicit  (Muhkam and Mutashabih)

§        abrogating and abrogated  (Nasikh   and Mansukh)

§        meaning of the above types in the light of Ahadith

 

 

o       steps to follow when pondering on or trying to understand the Holy Qur’an

o       understanding the Holy Qur’an with the help of the Holy Qur’an

o       examples of interpretation of Qur’anic verses with the aid of the Holy Qur’an

o       the prohibition of Tafseer bi al Ra’y (interpretation according to subjective opinion) and the evils of interpreting the Holy Qur’an to suit one’s own needs

o       Historical examples of false and absurd interpretations of Qur’anic verses by non-Muslims and non-Shia Muslims

o       translation and commentary of Surahs:   

§        al Humazah  (104)

§        al Alaq  (96)

§        al Zilzal  (99)

§        Inshirah  (94)

§        al Baqarah  (2)  verses 1-20

 


Seniors 4

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-                     Qasas:

o       Historical events from the Holy Qur’an and lessons derived:

§        Nabi Musa(A)  and Firaun,

§        Bibi Mariam (A) and Nabi Isa (A)

§        Nabi Ibrahim (A)  and Nabi Ismail  (A)

§        Nabi Hud (A) and Nabi Salih (A)

§        The tribes of Ad and Thamud

 

-                     Ma’lumaat and Tarikh:

o       Qur’an as a miracle  (Ijaaz al Qur’an)

o       conditions of a miracle

o       philosophy of the types of miracles given to Prophets and the Holy Prophet’s  miracle

o       Qur’anic challenge to mankind

o       attempts to imitate and contest the Holy Qur’an, in history and their failures

o       Various aspects of the Ijaaz al Qur’an

o       Tahreef:

§        Definition

§        Shias belief in Tahreef

§        Sunni belief  in Tahreef

§        refutation of Tahreef from Holy Qur’an and Ahadith

 

-                     Nuzuul and Jam’

o       the evolving of a system of writing in Hijaz (Makka and Madina) and its development into the script  in  which  the Holy Qur’an  was  to  be written

o       commencement of the descending of Wahy

o       meaning of Wahy and Ilhaam

o       The first revelation - Shia and Sunni beliefs on what, how, when and where it was revealed

o       beliefs of some scholars that the Holy Prophet (S)   had difficulties and epileptic   spasms   at the time of revelation of the Holy Qur’an

o       answers to these accusations against the Holy Prophets (S)

o       general beliefs of Muslims concerning revelation

o       views of contemporary non-Muslims regard revelation

-                     Tafseer:

o       translation and commentary of Surahs:

§        at Teen (95)

§        Al Jumu’ah  (62)

§        Yasin  (36)

§        Aayat on Nabi Isa  (A)

o       relationship of Holy Qur’an to the sciences-

§        the sciences that Holy Qur’an invites men to study

§        the sciences particular to the study of the Holy Qur’an

§        the sciences that developed because of the Holy Qur’an

o       reasoning  and Holy Qur’an -methods used by Holy Qur’an for reasoning:

§        self-evident truth  (Badaha)

§        sense perception  (Mulahaza)  or Human

§        observation (Nazar)

§        Human experience  (Tajriba)

§        Human interest/gain (Maslaha)

§        Human conscience  (Dhamir)

 

o       The Holy Qur’an as a book of guidance

o       deriving religious laws from Holy Qur’an:

§        the binding testimony of the Holy Qur’an’s apparent realities (Zawahir al Qur’an)

§        the relation of Holy Qur’an to other sources of jurisprudence:

·        Sunnah, consensus (Ijma’) and reasoning (Aql)

§        examples of some religious laws derived from Holy Qur’an

 

o       interpretation of Huruuf al Muqatta’at

o       conditions necessary for the study of Qur’an

§        Arabic language

§        knowledge of History of Islam

 

-                     importance of Arabic language and grammar when studying and interpreting the Qur’an

-                     a brief comparison between modern Arabic and Arabic of the Holy Prophet (S)’s time – the importance for commentators to know their (languages) relationship, similarities and differences, when interpreting the Holy Qur’an


Seniors 5

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-                     Qasas:

o       Nabi Yunus(A)

o       Nabi Lut(A)

o       prophecies in the Holy Qur’an

 

-                     Ma’lumaat and Tarikh:

o       Distinguishing characteristics of the Qur’an:

§        authenticity of its source,

§        quality of its contents,

§        divine identity

 

o       The usage of I’rab in Holy Qur’an - when and how it came to being

o       The usage of I’jam in Holy Qur’an - when and how it came into being

o       The usage of different coloured inks for I’rab and I’jam.

o       The Qur’an

§        in the days of Abu Bakr and Umar,

§        during the reign of Uthmaan

§        Ali(A)  and the Qur’an

o       how the Holy Qur’an introduces itself

o       the eternal quality of the Holy Qur’an

 

o       Tahreef :

§        types of Tahreef:  semantic and textual

§        origin of the belief on Tahreef

§        arguments of those who believe in Tahreef and their refutation

§        refutation of Tahreef and proof of immunity of Holy Qur’an from:

·        Qur’an

·        Hadith

§        Shia Ahadith that seem to advocate Tahreef and their explanation

 

-                     Nuzuul and Jam’:

o       when the first Holy Qur’an was compiled

o       the writing of the Holy Qur’an in the era of revelation

o       the collectors of the Holy Qur’an during the Prophet’s lifetime

o       writing materials used

o       non-Shia Ahadith regarding the collection of the Holy Qur’an during the Prophet’s lifetime

o       manner of compilation

o       false tradition on compilation of Qur’an that suggest Tahreef (interpolation):

§        their conflict with Qur’an itself

§        their conflict with reason (aql)

§        their conflict with consensus  (ijma’)

 

o       the role of the early Khalafa in the compilation of the Holy Qur’an

o       the calligraphy, orthography and diacritical marks used in Holy Qur’an

o       brief history of the compilation of previous Heavenly books - the Old and New Testament.

 

-                     Tafseer:

o       method of Tafseer:

§        the analytical approach (al Ittijah al Tajzi’i)

§        the thematic/synthetic approach (al Ittijah al Tawhidi au Maudhui)

o       the difference and advantages of these two methods and the better one of the two

o       language of the Holy Qur’an:

§        language of rational argument

§        language of feeling

 

o       scientific interpretation of the Qur’an:

§        views of those who permit it and those who object

 

o       rules and conditions to observe when scientifically interpreting the Holy Qur’an

o       rules of writing about the scientific miracles of the Holy Qur’an

o       the principles of harmonising Qur’anic texts with true scientific discoveries

o       the attitude of Islam and other religions towards science

o       the Holy Qur’an as a source of scientific knowledge

o       Holy Qur’an’s message for Muslim scientists

o       examples of scientific discoveries found in the Holy Qur’an on

§        astronomy

§        the universe

§        Geology

§        wind, clouds, rain and the atmosphere

§        the earth

§        man

§        botany and zoology

§        oceanographic phenomena

§        medicine

§        embryology

§        cows and milk

§        bees and honey

§        metals, minerals, fire, water, seas, disease, the human brain and heart, animals etc.

o       providing shia concept and beliefs from the Holy Qur’an giving a few examples:

§        method of wudhuu

§        the concept of Imamah

§        the concept of Shafa’at

§        Qadha and Qadr

§        Tawalla and Tabarra

§        Ahl al Bayt in Holy Qur’an

§        Imam Ali(A)  in Holy Qur’an

§        Ghadir

§        Mubahila

§        Hadith al-Kisaa,

§        Taqiyya

§        Mut’a

§        Validity of Azadari

§        Raja’at

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Last Updated ( Wednesday, 26 November 2008 )
 
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