Fiqh and Akhlaq PDF Print E-mail
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Wednesday, 12 November 2008

Fiqh Syllabus

 This comprehensive syllabus incorporates Fiqh teaching from as young as 3 years old. This means that by the age of buloogh (maturity) for even the girls, the children would know the fundamental principles of the religion and would be able to practice their faith in a manner, wihch they feel to be correct. 

 The syllabus continues to develop the idea of understanding and contemplation within children so that they are able to discuss issues in great detail, so that they are able to go out into the community and into the greater society and be able to tak about thier faith in front of others.


The Syllabus for Classes Playgroup – Class 2 (ages 3-5) is based on the fundamentals of Islam. The main principles should be focussed on and so, although there is a syllabus, it is mainly to outline the basics that must be taught. Any extra material can be taught and is encouraged, but it must be understood that the basics are the primary concern.

Class Playgroup and Class 1 (age 3-4+ years old)


A great part of this syllabus is on Tawhid: i.e. about Allah and his creations.

As soon as you enter the class, wish the children with “Salamun Alaykum” and have them reply “Alaykum Salaam

Start all your lessons with “Bismillahir rahmanir rahim” (“In the name of Allah, the merciful, the kind”)

Tell them there is only one God – “La illaha illallah” (“There is no God but Allah”). Allah has no partner, no helper, no parents, no children, no wife.

As it will be very difficult for the children to accept Allah as they can’t see him, we as the teachers have to show the effects of his being by his creations. As Muslims we have to believe in Allah as our creator.

Show the children out of the window or on a nice day take them out and make them appreciate the nature that Allah has created: the blue sky, the clouds, the sun, the stars, the animals, the trees, the flowers and the grass.

InshaAllah through nature, you can make the children understand Allah and begin to make the children love Allah as their one and only God.

Take one or two creations of Allah every week and show them pictures of these creations. Make them colour these pictures or do sticking.

Feel the air. What is air? Do they know how important air is to us? What would happen if you could not breathe? Allah created the air for us to breathe because Allah loves us.

When you get thirsty, the first thing you want is water. Imagine if you could not find any water, how miserable would you be? But Allah is very kind and he loves us. He created lots and lots of water for our needs.

Show them the grass and the trees. Have a nature table and ask them to bring things that they find that Allah has created – leaves, sticks, fruits etc.

Have them stick leaves on a picture of a tree and colour in the picture of the trees. Take them out to feel the grass, smell the grass.

Show them different foods that Allah has created and what would happen if we did not have any foot to eat.

Emphasise the different colours Allah has made various things. Thereby the Earth is a more beautiful place for us to live in. This once again shows us that Allah loves us and we should be thankful to him.

Talk about the sun, the moon and the stars and how without these creations, the world would always be dark and how we would be very cold without the heat from the sunshine. Make them draw pictures of these creations and colour them or make collages.

Talk to them about human beings and how Allah made every organ for a special purpose. E.g. he has given us eyes to see with, ears to hear with, a tongue to say good things and to taste food with, legs to walk with, hands to work with, intelligence from our brain to tell good from bad.

For all these blessings we, as Muslims, have to thank Allah and praising Him (“Shukran lillah” (“Thanks to Allah”) and “Alhamdulillah” (“Praise be to Allah”)).


-                     Kalimah (resource 1001)

-                     Greeting other Muslims  (resource 1002)

-                      Allah:  (resource 1003)

o       What / Who is God?

o       How do we know He is there?

o       The creation

If there is time, begin teaching the children how to pray. The main difficulty is learning the Arabic wordings, which may take time for the young children.  (resource 1004)

Class 2 (Age 5 years)


After revision of the previous syllabus, start by speaking about the role of a teacher in the classroom. Connect that with the roles of parents at home and speak about the respect that is necessary for both the teacher and the parent.

Now introduce the concept of Prophethood and compare this to the role of a teacher as the informer of things that we do not know. Relate this with the role of the Prophet as the perfect teacher who knows all that we need to know about our lives, about God and other things that we cannot see with our naked eyes.

Say “La illaha illallah” (“There is no God but Allah”). How did we know that Allah is one and only one? Who told us that Allah is only one?

Allah loves us and He wants us to know that He is only one. So Allah made it easy for us to know Him by informing some good man to teach is that: “La illaha illallah”. These good men are the Prophets of Allah.

A Prophet (messenger) is a person who informs us about Allah and teaches us to pray to only one God, Allah. A prophet also teaches us to do good to be truly happy. He tells us to be honest and to be kind to our parents and teachers. One of these prophets is our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his family).

This is what Muslims believe about the Prophet: “Muhammadun Rasullullah” (“Muhammad is the messenger of Allah”).

Salawat with meaning and why we always recite salawat when the prophet’s name is mentioned:

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَّ الِ مُحَمَّدٍ

 Allahuma swalli alla Muhammdin wa ali Muhammad


O Allah send your blessings to Muhammad (S.A.W.) and the family of Muhammad (S.A.W).

Basic aspects:

-                     Allah is one

-                     Panjatan (Ahlul Kisa) are five

-                     Imams are twelve

-                     Masumin are fourteen

Let us look at the five Ahlul Kisa as the family of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Imam Ali married Bibi Fatimah, the daughter of the Prophet. Bibi Fatimah and Imam Ali had two sons Hassan and Husayn (peace be upon them all).

These Ahlul Kisa were the best teachers of Islam amongst the people. They taught us all about Allah.

Names of the first six Imams

 Two rakaat salah with actions and wajibats

 Over a period, try using the phrase Ahlul Kisa in preference to panjatan


-                     Behaviour towards parents and teachers (resource 2001)

-                     Some Usool ud deen (although not necessarily with names)

o       Tawheed: Allah is one: how do we know this? (resource 2002)

o       Nubuwwah: what is a Prophet? Compare to teacher. (resource 2003)

o       Imamah: first six Imams (resource 2004)

-           Salah (resource 2005)



 Class 3 (Age 5+)



Although the children may already know some of this material, it is important that they have full confidence in being able to reproduce it and answer questions about it.

1.                  Kalema with meaning (resource 3001)

2.                  Names of the twelve Imams (Imamah) (resource 3002)

3.                  Names of the fourteen Masoomeen (resource 3003)

4.                  Prophethood (Nabuwwah): the first prophet, the last prophet and Ulul Azm Prophets (resource 3004)

5.                  Names of the heavenly books and which prophets received which ones (resource 3004)

6.                  Qur’an the message of Allah (resource 3005)

7.                  Wudhu with demonstration (resource 3006)

8.                  Names of the daily prayers with numbers of rakaats and revision of 2 rakaat salah (resource 3007 and 3008)

Class 4 (Age 6+ years)


1.                  Usul ad deen: (resource 4001)

a.      number, name and meanings

2.                  Tawheed: (resource 4002)

a.      the creator (Khaliq) and His creations

b.      His remembrance at all times

c.      Saying “Subhanahu wa ta’ala” after His name

d.      Attributes of Allah – Qadir, Aalim, Afuwu and Hakim

3.                  Nubuwah: (resource 4003)

a.      total number of Anbiya

b.      the first and the last

c.      the Ulul Azm

d.      saying of salawat after the name of Nabi Muhammad (SAW)

e.      relationship between Nubuwah and Imamah

4.                  Imamah: (resource 4004)

a.      introduction to Imamah

b.      relationship between the fourteen Masumin (peace be upon them)

c.      saying of “Salallahu alayhi wa alihi wa sallam”, “Alayhis Salaam” and “Alayhas Salaam” after the names of the fourteen Masumin (AS) as applicable

5.                  Taharah: (resource 4005)

a.      toilet etiquette – details: use of water, Wudhu

b.      how to perform Wudhu

c.      When necessary and recommendable

d.      Mubatilatil wudhu (what breaks wudhu) – passing urine and stool

6.                  Salah:

a.      names of the daily obligatory salah (resource 4006)

b.      posture of salah (resource 4006)

c.      Adhan – proper Makhraj (resource 4007)

d.      Iqamah – proper Makhraj (resource 4007)

e.      Timings – fadheelah and qadha (resource 4008)

f.       At what age it becomes wajib

g.      Muqddamatus Salah – names

h.      Method of performing salah

i.        Tasbih of Bibi Fatimah

7.                  Sawm (fasting):

a.      fasting in the month of Ramadan

b.      keeping the fasts



Class 5 (Age 7 years)


1.         Tawheed:

            a.         why Allah cannot be more than one

            b.         attributes of Allah: Rab, Razik, Samee, Baseer

 2.         Adalah:

            a.         Why Allah cannot be unjust (resource 5003)

 3.         Furoo ad din:

            a.         mention names of all ten

b.         on whom is Furoo ad din wajib: introduce signs of buloogh; i.e. attaining 9 (lunar) years of age for girls and 15 years for boys

                        -           explain briefly what lunar means

c.         introduce first five with simple meanings

 4.         Taharah:

            a.         introduce concept of taharah and najasah

            b.         wudhu

                        i.          conditions of water and place of wudhu

                        ii.         incorrect performance of wudhu

            c.         najasah

                        i.          meaning of the word: note that it does NOT mean dirty

                        ii.         names of ayn najasat: urine, stool, blood, dog, pig and liquor

 5.         Salah:

            a.         the daily wajib salah – its importance and punctuality

            b.         salahul ayat: when and how to perform

            c.         adhan with meaning

            d.         iqamah with meaning

 6.         Sawm:

a.         Actions that invalidate sawm – eating, drinking, immersion of head in water, inhaling of smoke or dust

 7.         Taqleed:

            a.         its concept

            b.         necessity for niyyah by muqallid

 8.         Simple definition of the following:

            a.         Wajib (Fardh)

            b.         Sunnah (Mustahab)

            c.         Makruh

            d.         Mubah

            e.         Halaal (Jaaiz)

            f.          Haraam


Class 6 (Age 8 years)


1.         Angels:

            a.         names and their role

2.         Tawheed (start from class 4 syllabus for revision):

            a.         attributes of Allah: Malik, Hayun, Ghafur, Kabeer

 3.         Adalah (start from class 5 syllabus):

            a.         difference between equity and equality

 4.         Nubuwah (start from class 4 syllabus):

            a.         Role of Anbiya, qualifications, common mission

 5.         Imamah:

            a.         Divine appointment, qualities of Aimmah

 6.         Furoo ad din:

            a.         Introduce second five with meanings


7.         Taharah:

            a.         Mutahhirat

                        i.          meaning of the word

                        ii.         main type of mutahhirat – water

                        iii.       types of water (e.g. mutlaq, muzaf, kur, not kur)

            b.         Mubatilatul wudhu (things that break wudhu): gas, sleeping

            c.         Tayyamum – method of performing

            d.         Ghusl

                        i.          definition

                        ii.         sunnah ghusl (Friday)

                        iii.       method of performing Ghusl


8.         Salah:

a.         Mubatilatus Salah – few common types – breaking of wudhu, turning of Qibla, talking, laughing, eating, drinking

b.         Muqddamatis Salah – definition, the pre-requisitions of salah

c.         Qibla – locating it

d.         Wajibatus Salah – definition, name the list

e.            Wajibur Rukn, Wajib Ghayr rukn

f.         Tarikus Salah – its consequences

 9.         Sawm:

            a.         benefits of fasting

            b.         importance of the month of Ramadan

 10.       Dua and Ziyarat:

            a.         Ta’qibatus salah – tasbih of Bibi Fatimah – its Fadhilah (time) and method


1.         Adaab:

            a.         keeping good friends

            b.         kindness and protection to animals and the environment

            c.         modest dressing for boys and girls

            d.         hijab – definition, importance, extent

            e.         mosque, Husahniyyah (Imambada), Madrasah and all religious functions

            f.          home, other’s homes and school

            g.         rights of parents

            h.         respect for teachers

            i.          rights of fellow Muslims

 2.         Islamic expressions:

            a.         Astaghfirullah

            b.         Salawaat

            c.         Subhanallah

            d.         Allahu Akbar

            e.         La hawla wa quwata illa billah

            f.          Ridan bi qadhaihi wa tasliman li amrihi

 3.         Virtues:

            a.         truthfulness

            b.         charity (sadaqah)

            c.         gratitude

 4.         Vices:

            a.         lying

b.         cruelty

            c.         rebelling against parents


Class 7 (Age 9 years)


1.         Usul ad deen:

            a.         Necessity of following a religion

2.         Tawheed:

            a.         Ibrahim (AS) champion of Tawheed

3.         Adalah:

            a.         Actions of Allah based on Hikmah (wisdom)

4.         Nubuwah:

            a.         reasons for:

-           no Anbiya in this century

-           Anbiya at a time to a place, sent to a particular community / region / mankind

5.         Imamah:

            a.         necessity of Aimma

            b.         difference between Imamah and Khalifah

6.         Al Ma’ad:

            a.         definition

            b.         necessity of Qiyamah

            c.         effects of its belief on our life

7.         Simple definition of the following:

            a.         Muslim

            b.         Mu’min

            c.         Kafir

            d.         Munafiq

            e.         Mushrik

8.         Taharah:

            a.         Najasah: dead body, kafir (according to some)

            b.         difference between najis and mutanajis

c.         how to make tahir the mutanajis things using water: parts of body, clothes, utensils

d.         ghusl: wajib – mayyit, sunnah – Friday

e.         ghusl: haidh / istehadha

9.         Salah:

a.         dhikr with proper makhraj and meanings of: surah, tasbihate arba, ruku, sajdah, tashahud, salaam and qunoot

10.       Sawm:

            a.         those exempted from fasting – sick, old, weak, traveller, haidh

11.       Dua and Ziyarat:

            a.         Subhana manla ya’tadi

            b.         Allahuma fa’na bil Ilm



1.         Adaab:

            a.         at social outings (e.g. picnics)

            b.         with non-Muslim friends

            c.         brushing teeth, trimming nails and combing hair

2.         Virtues:

            a.         performing good deeds

            b.         seeking knowledge and its merit

            c.         patience (sabr)

            d.         silatur rahim

            e.         forgiveness

            f.          loyalty

            g.         assisting in domestic work

            h.         honesty

3.         Vices:

            a.         envy (hasad)

            b.         pride (kibr)

            c.         calling nicknames

            d.         disobedience to parents

            e.         backbiting (ghibah)

            f.          rancour  (resentment, deep anger)

Class 8 (Age 10 years)



1.         Usul ad deen:

            a.         qualities of a true religion

            b.         Islam as the true religion

 2.         Tawheed:

            a.         ahad

            b.         shirk and consequences of doing shirk

            c.         asma ul husna – 20 names of Allah with meanings

            d.         explain how we should also have these qualities within us

 3.         Adalah:

            a.         special quality of Allah taken as one of usul ad deen

 4.         Al Ma’ad:

            a.         concept of reward and punishement

 5.         Taharah:

            a.         najasah – fuqqa

            b.         mutahhirat – earth, sun, istihala

            c.         tayyamum

                        i.          its necessity

                        ii.         things on which tayyamum can be done

                        iii.       method of performing tayammum

            d.         ghusl

                        i.          method of doing ghusl

                        ii.         mustahab and wajib ghusl

                        iii.       difference between haidh and istehaza

                        iv.        things haraam in haidh and istehaza

 6.         Salah:

            a.         muqddamatus salah – clothes, place

            b.         wajibur rukn – explanation of niyyah, qiyam, takbiratul ihram, ruku, sajdah

            c.         point out practical common mistakes

            d.         shak in salah:

                        i.          avoid disturbance

                        ii.         definition of shak

                        iii.       types of shak – prayers, events and rakaat

                        iv.        tackling shak of prayers and events

            e.         salahul ayat: its need and timings

 7.         Sawm:

            a.         Mubtilatus sawm – kidbh (lying) against Allah and Masumeen

            b.         spiritual and physical benefits

8.         Ijtihad:

            a.         meaning of Taqleed

            b.         meaning of Mujtahid

            c.         qualities of a Mujtahid

            d.         name of al Mujtahidul ‘A’lam

9.         Dua and Ziyarat:

            a.         hifdh (memorisation) of short ziyarat after salah

            b.         dua after Maghrib and Isha salah – its fadhila

            c.         fadhila of Ta’qibatus salah


1.         Adaab:

            a.         at mosque (ahkaamul (rules of) masjid)

            b.         sanctity (hurmah) of religious functions

            c.         personal hygiene – removal of pubic hair (for girls)

2.         Virtues:

            a.         hospitality

            b.         politeness

            c.         sincerity (ikhlaas)

            d.         istighfaar

            e.         hosting – inviting Muslims for meals

            f.          humbleness (Tawadu)

            g.         cleanliness (Nidhaafa)

            h.         association with good friends

            i.          altruism (Ithaar)

3.         Vices:

            a.         calumny (false accusation) and slander (defamation) (Qadhf and Buhtaan)

            b.         backbiting (ghibah)

            c.         lying (kidhb)

            d.         pride (kibr)

            e.         obstinacy

            f.          consuming haraam food

            g.         ingratitude

            h.         suspicion and false accusation (Tuhma)

Class 9 (Age 11 years)


1.         Tawheed:

            a.         roots of idol worship

            b.         scientists’ belief in God

            c.         siffat subutuyyiah

            d.         Asmaa ul Husna: 30 names of Allah with meanings

2.         Nubuwah and Imamah:

            a.         Ismah of Anbiya and Aimma

3.         Al Ma’ad:

            a.         different names of Qiyamah

            b.         barzakh

            c.         qiraaman, katibeen

            d.         signs of al Ma’ad

4.         Taharah:

            a.         adab of baitul khala (toilet) – istinja and istibra

            b.         mutahhiraat – inquilab, Islam, intiqal

            c.         wudhu – shurut (requirements)

                        i.          muqddamatil widhu (impediments)

                        ii.         mubtilat wudhu – unconsciousness, when ghusl becomes necessary

                        iii.       mustahabbat of wudhu

            d.         ghusl

                        i.          difference between haidh and istihaza (for girls)

                        ii.         types of istihaza (for girls)

5.         Salah:

a.         Wajib Ghayr rukn – explanation of Qiraat, Dhikr, Tashahud, Salaam, Tartib, Muwalat

b.         Qadha Salah – types and how to repay

c.         Shak – which invalidates Salah, solutions to common Shak in Rakaa

d.         Salah of Ihtiyat – when and how to pray

e.         Sajdatus Sahw – when and how to perform

f.          Salatul Jum’ah

            i.          method of joining

            ii.         rules of Qiraat and Dhikr

6.         Sawm:

            a.         Wajib fasts – others

            b.         Sunnah fasts

            c.         Moon sighting

7.         Al-Ijtihad:

            a.         necessity of Taqlid

            b.         previous Mujtahidul A’lam

            c.         present Mujtahideen

8.         Dua and Ziyarat

            a.         dua after Dhuhr and Asr Salah

            b.         dua for months of Rajab, Shahr Ramadan

            c.         best times for reciting dua

9.         Auspicious occasions:

            a.         Laylatul Qadr

b.         Laylatul Baraat

c.         Laylatul Jum’ah

d.         Eid ul Jum’ah


1.         Adaab

            a.         of walking and behaviour in streets

            b.         respect for signs of Allah

            c.         general cleanliness

            d.         rights of neighbours

            e.         Iyadah (visiting the sick)

            f.          rights of relatives

            g.         caring for isabled persons

            h.         love for orphans

            i.          respect for others property

            j.          mode of dressing for men and women

2.         Virtues:

            a.         imparting knowledge (ilm ul deen)

            b.         remembrance (dhikr of Allah)

            c.         keeping promises

            d.         bravery

            e.         cheerfulness

3.         Vices:

            a.         arrogance (Takabbur)

            b.         self conceit (Ujb)

            c.         persistence in commiting sins

            d.         haste

            e.         rudeness

            f.          backbiting (Ghibah)

            g.         extravagance

            h.         singing, dancing and listening to music (according to some)

            i.          vengeance

            j.          boasting (Fakhr)

            k.         parents:

                        i.          displeasing parents or looking at them with hatred

                        ii.         disobeying and rebelling against parents

                        iii.       obedience to parents and obligation (wajib)

                        iv.        when NOT to obey parents

                        v.         mothers are more deserving of good

                        vi.        rights of fathers on sons

                        vii.      rights of parents after their demise


Class Seniors Year 1 (Age 12 years)


1.         Tawhid:

            a.         proof of unity of Allah from the universe

            b.         Asmaaul Husna – remaining 49 names of Allah with meanings

            c.         purpose of creation

2.         Adalah:

            a.         Jabr and Qadr – incident of Bahlul

3.         Imamah:

            a.         appointment of Khalifas by Allah

            b.         superiority of Imam Ali (AS) and Ahlul Bayt

4.         Al Ma’ad:

            a.         meaning of death

5.         Simple definition of the following:

            a.         Wajibul Ayni

            b.         Fawri

            c.         Taykiri

            d.         Kifai

6.         Taharah:

            a.         meaning of Hadath and Khabath with examples

b.         najasah – characteristics of Mannii (semsen), need of ghusl Janabah, evil of masturbation

c.         mutahhirat – Taba’iya, Ghaybat Muslim, Zawal ul Ayn, Istibra, flowing of blood, Islam

d.         Ghusl

            i.          types of wajib ghusl (janabah, massul, mayyit)

            ii.         method o performing tartibi and irtimasi ghusl

            iii.       Haraam actions when in janabah (boys) or haidh / nifas (girls)

iv.               Makruh actions when in janabah (boys) or haidh / nifas (girls)

7.         Salah:

            a.         shak in salah and their remedies

            b.         salatul musafir (traveller)

`           c.         qadha salah of walidayn (parents)

            d.         Salatul Ijara

            e.         Salatul Eid

            f.          Salatul Hadiyyatul Walidayn

            g.         Salatul Jam’ah

                        i.          merits of being in congregation

                        ii.         importance of thawaab

                        iii.       spriritual benefits

                        iv.        conditions – Qiraat and Dhikr rulels

                        v.         method of joining

            h.         Salatul Jum’ah

                        i.          when it becomes wajib

                       ii.         necessary Masails – number of people, Khutabatain method

8.         Sawm:

a.         mubtilat (what makes it batil) – istimma, mujame’at (intercourse), being in janabah at Subh sadik

b.         persons exempted – pregnant, waning, old / weak, sicm (thirsty) in haidh or nifas, traveller

c.         consequences of not fasting

d.         qadha of fasts

9.         Ijtihad:

            a.         meaning of Adik, A’lam and Marja

            b.         ways of obtaining the fatwas of a mujtahid

10.       Dua and Ziyarat:

            a.         dua during performance of wudhu

            b.         dua after salatul subh

            c.         Hadithul Kisa

            d.         Ziyaratul Waritha

11.       Hajj:

            a.         types of Hajj

            b.         Mustatii – persons on whom Hajj becomes wajib

            c.         wajibat of Umrah tamattu

12.       Zakat;

            a.         types of Zakat

            b.         Zakatul Fitrah – simple masails



1.         Adaab:

            a.         personal hygiene – removal of pubic hair (for boys)

            b.         Hijab

                        i.          hijab for men

                        ii.         appropriate mode of dressing

                        iii.       decency

                        iv.        prohibition of wearing gold and silk (for men)

                        v.         avoidance of looking at what one must not see

                        vi.        mahram and non-mahram (definition)

2.         Virtues:

            a.         cheerfulness

            b.         piety (Taqwa)

            c.         using opportunities (Fursa) and not wasting time

            d.         living and dying for Allah


            e.         keeping promises

            f.          hospitality

            g.         night vigil for Ibadah (e.g Salahul Layl)

3.         Vices:

            a.         onanism (Istimna)

            b.         extravagance (asraaf)

            c.         boasting and vain talk

            d.         spying into others affairs

            e.         vengeance

            f.          miserliness (Bukhl)

            g.         misuse of time

            h.         discrimination

            i.          attending cinema halls and listening to music (according to some)

            j.          cheating

            k.         haste

            l.          laziness

            m.        abusing others

            n.         discord and dissention (Fitna)

            o.         aversion for good deeds (e.g. Salah, Jihad)

Class Seniors Year 2 (Age 13 years)


1.         Tawheed:

            a.         proving wrong the various mistaken beliefs and ideas prevalent in society

            b.         siffat subutuyyiah

2.         Adalah:

            a.         why suffering and afflictiong

3.         Nubuwwah:

            a.         Mu’jizah (miracles) – simple explanation

4.         Imamah:

            a.         why shiaism is the original Islam

5.         Al Ma’ad:

            Explanation of:        

a.         Barzakh

b.         Hisab

c.         Mizan

d.         Sirat

e.         Jannah

f.          Jahannam

6.         Taharah:

a.         nifas and the difference in Masails related to Haidh, nifas and istihadha (for girls only)

b.         Ahkamatul mayyit

            i.          Ihtidar (moments before death)

            ii.         Ghusl al Mayyit (bathing the dead)

            iii.       Kafan (shrouding the dead) and Hunut

            iv.        Salatul Mayyit

            v.         Tashayyu (carrying and accompanying a bier)

            vi.        Dafan (burying the dead)

            vii.      Salatul Wahshat – time and method of perfofrming

7.         Salah:

            a.         Salatul Jama’ah

                        i.          requirement of Imamul Jama’ah

                        ii.         how to correct the Imam

                        iii.       in the event of the Imam’s prayer becoming void

                        iv.        allowed only for wajib salah, Idd salah, Istiska (for rain)

                        v.         should not recite dhikr very loudly

                        vi.        necessity to follow – not to be ahead of Imam in actions

                        vii.      distance between each other for connection

                        viii.     rules concerning Musaffir (traveller)

            b.         Sunnah salah

                        i.          daily Nawafil Salah – Fadhilah time and method

                        ii.         salatul Layl – Fadhilah time and method

                        iii.       salatul Ghufaylah – Fadhilah time and method

8.         Ijtihad:

a.         meaning ahwat wujubi (obligatory precaution), ahwat mustahab (ahwat = ihtiyat)

b.         choosing a Marj’a

c.         why taqlid in Furoo ad din and not Usool ud din

d.         various sciences a Shia alim passes before he is accepted as a mujtahid

e.         necessity of doing niyyah for taqlid

f.          following the fatwas of a dead mujtahid

g.         what if one did not do taqlid in the Baligh age


1.         Adaab:

            a.         supplicating (Dua)

            b.         physical cleanliness of body, clothes, food, home and surroundings

            c.         entering and departing from home

            d.         bathing

            e.         before parents

            f.          at funerals and in cemeteries

 2.         Virtues:

            a.         sincere repentance (Tawbah)

            b.         self accounting

            c.         promoting unity amongst Muslims

            d.         trust in Allah (Tawakkul)

 3.         Vices:

            a.         fleeing from Jihad

            b.         neglecting Amrabil Ma’ruf and Nahi anil munkar

            c.         exposing others’ shortcomings

            d.         love of worldliness

            e.         pride (kibr)

            f.          self humiliation

            g.         gambling (Qimaar)

            h.         shaving off one’s beard (according to some)

            i.          begging from other than Allah

            j.          cheating and swindling

            k.         hoarding

            l.          euthanasia (mercy killing)

            m.        witchcraft and magic (sihr) (according to some)

            n.         hypocrisy (Nifaq)

            o.         love of leadership (according to some)

            p.         far-fetched hopes and desires (according to some)

Class Seniors Year 3 (Age 14)


1.         Ijtihad:

a.         Ihtiyat Wajibi and Ihtiyat Mustahab – examples from risalah of Mujtahid al-A’lam and how we can refer to the Fatwa of other Marji’ of our time

b.         how can one remain on the Taqlid of a dead Mujtahid

2.         Taharah:

            a.         Istibra after urination and after discharge of Mani (semen)

3.         Salah:

            a.         how to pray when one is handicapped, injured or unable to pray normally

4.         Hajj:

            a.         benefits of performing ‘Umratul Mufridah

            b.         necessary masails on ‘Umratul Mufridah

5.         ‘Ahad, Nadhr, Qasm (Covenants, vows and oaths):

            a.         meaning of these words and differences between them

            b.         brief historical background

            c.         conditions for validity

            d.         kaffarah and breaching these

            e.         other related masails

6.         Wirathah and Wasiyyah:

            a.         laws of inheritance – what are they

            b.         classes of heirs

            c.         requirements before division of the estate

            d.         laws regarding wills

            e.         distribution of estate

(simple explanation given for all these)

7.         Nikah and Talaq:

            a.         safe guarding shahwah (desires) before marriage

            b.         marriage – what is it

            c.         Islam emphasises marriage



 1.         Adaab:

            a.         rights of neighbours

            b.         travelling

            c.         talking, laughing and mourning

            d.         sleeping

 2.         Virtues:

            a.         justice

            b.         conviction

            c.         perseverance (sabr)

            d.         Silatur Rahm (good treatment of kinsfolk)

            e.         moderation (as opposed to extravagance and niggardliness)

            f.          repentance and intercession (Tawbah and Shafa’at)

                        i.          definitions

                        ii.         relationship and dependence of one to the other

                        iii.       conditions, benefits of each

 3.         Vices:

            a.         bank interest (ribba)

                        i.          definition, examples, exceptions

                        ii.         difference between ribba and business profit

                        iii.       rewards for granting Qard al Hasan (free loan)

                        iv.        Qur’an and Hadith on ribba

                        v.         evil consequences of giving and accepting ribba

            b.         adultery (zina)

                        i.          Qur’an and Hadith on zina

                        ii.         evil consequences of zina in this world and the hereafter

                        iii.       prohibition of looking at non-mahrams

                        iv.        prohibition of staying in seclusion with non-mahrams

                        v.         Islamic punishment (huduud) for zina

            c.         false oaths / perjury (qasam)

            d.         stealing

            e.         extravagance

            f.          backbiting (ghibah)

                        i.          definition and difference between ghibah and buhtaan

                        ii.         Qur’anic commandments against ghibah

                        iii.       Hadith and historical anecdotes depicting evils of ghibah

                        iv.        when permissible

                        v.         solution to the habit of ghibah and kaffarah for it

            g.         innovations

            h.         flattery

            i.          negligence

            j.          deceit

            k.         dishonouring the Ka’aba, Qur’an and mosques

            l.          joking excessively? and teasing others

            m.        taking intoxicants (drugs and alcohol)

            n.         grieving and complaining at fortunes and delighting at other misfortunes


Class Seniors Year 4 (Age 15 years)


1.         Ijtihad:

            a.         the four sources used by Mujtahids to give fatwas

            b.         teachings of Masumin about Taqlid and Ijtihad

            c.         the four famous books of Hadith which are the source for shia sources

            d.         simple account of how Mujtahid takes (infers) a fatwa from the main sources

            e.         what are the reasons for differences in fatwas of various Mujtahids

            f.          other masails in Taqlid and Ijtihad

 2.         Tahara:

            a.         Ahkamul istibra – all necessary masails

b.         Daimul Hadath (when one has a problem with urinating or making wind etc. every now and the) – what are the rules

 3.         Salah:

            a.         conditions of Adhan and Iqamah

            b.         when are Adhan and Iqamah necessary

 4.         Hajj:

a.         The philosoph and possible reasons for various rules of pilgrimage such as – wearing two pieces of white cloths, tawaf, Sa’ee, stoning of Jamarat.

            b.         Hajj as it compares with the international symposiums and get together

 5.         Wirathah and Wasiyyah (inheritance and wills):

            a.         extra masails on inheritance – those banned from receiving inheritance

            b.         importance of making a will (religious and social)

            c.         practical explanation: writing a will

            d.         appointment of trustees

            e.         powers of trustees

 6.         Nikkah and talaq:

            a.         aims of marriage

            b.         selection of a spouse

            c.         types of marriage: permanent and fixed time

            d.         necessity of Sighah (marriage formula)

            e.         conditions of marriage

            f.          with whom matrimony is not allowed

            g.         order regarding observation of opposite sex

 7.         Dhibh and Sayd (slaughtering and hunting):

            a.         conditions by which meat becomes halal

            b.         wajibat and conditions of slaughtering

            c.         mustahabbat and makruhat of slaughtering

            d.         halal and haram food and drinks

            e.         hunting with weapons and dogs

            f.          fish and catching – methods, types and restrictions

            g.         birds and grasshoppers



 1.         Adaab:

            a.         rights of neighbours

            b.         rights of indigent

            c.         of reciting the Holy Qur’an

 2.         Virtues:

            a.         Akhlaq (definition)

            b.         tolerance (hilm)

            c.         humbleness (tawadu)

            d.         reposing hope in Allah (rajaa)

            e.         contentment (Qan’ah and rida)

            f.          giving others benefits of the doubt (husn udh dhan)

            g.         withholding ones anger and forgiving (kadhumul ghaydh)

            h.         generosity

            i.          good naturedness (husn ul khulq)

            j.          sincerity (ikhlaas)

 3.         Vices:

            a.         major and minor sins (definitions and examples)

            b.         anger (ghadb)

            c.         greed (hirs)

            d.         ostentation and simulation (riya)

            e.         tyranny (dhulm)

            f.          negative thinking about others (suu udh dhan)

            g.         reading obscene literature and pornographic materials

            h.         ill nature (suu ul khulq)

            i.          cowardice

            j.          shamelessness

            k.         taunting and insulting others

            l.          rebelliousness

            m.        mistrust

            n.         concealing evidence (kitmaan al shahadah)

            o.         bribery (rishwa) – giving and accepting

Class Seniors Year 5 (Age 16 years)


 1.         Ijtihad:

            a.         definition

            b.         sanad – chain of narrators

            c.         methods used for verification of authenticity

2.         Tharah:

            a.         Tayyamum for Mayyit – how to give and when is it permissible

            b.         Hadith and Ayat on Taharah and Fadilah of wudhu

3.         Nikah and Talaq:

            a.         Mut’ah – fixed time marriage: necessary information

            b.         the engagement period

            c.         duties of husband and wife

            d.         Mahr (dowry)

            e.         simple account of family planning (Islamic view)

            f.          rules regarding divorce

4.         Tajarah (trade):

            a.         Islam encourages business

            b.         etiquette of doing business

            c.         dealings and trades which are jaiz (allowed) and not jaiz

            d.         conditions for a sale to be valid

            e.         types of sales, cash, credit etc.

f.          how a Muslim seller and purchaser should differ from the non-Muslims in dealing (ethics etc.) (according to some)

g.         interest

i.          why it is forbidden in Islam

ii.         necessary masails



 1.         Adaab:

            a.         respect for elders

            b.         kindness to the young

            c.         circumcision (khatna) (for boys)

            d.         aqiqa ceremony

            e.         behaviour during commotions and in the midst of ordeals

f.          advantages of wearing rings of Aqiq and similar stones, applying perfume, remaining in the state of wudhu at all times

 2.         Virtues:

            a.         equity

            b.         generosity

            c.         helping the weak

            d.         leniency

            e.         consultation

            f.          friendship

            g.         granting interest – free loans with unstipula (qard al Hasan)

            h.         protecting one’s family and property

            i.          asceticism (moderation) (zuhd)

            j.          chastity, modesty and bashfulness (hayaa)

 3.         Vices:

            a.         atheism (kufr)

            b.         polytheism (shirk)

            c.         apostasy (abandoning Islam) (irtidaad anil Islam) 

            d.         losing hope in the mercy of Allah (ya’s and qunoot)

            e.         feeling safe from the wrath of Allah (amn min amkrillah)

f.          uttering blasphemy against Allah and the Holy (e.g. Prophets, Aimmah, Qur’an and angels)

g.         cutting relations with kinsfolk (qata ar rahim)

h.         tribalism and racialism (assabiyah)

i.          usurping the property of others (especially orphans)

j.          sodomy and lesbianism (liwaat)

            i.          Qur’an and hadith on liwaat

            ii.         the people of Lut

            iii.       prohibition of looking lustfully and boys and pederasty

            iv.        prohibition of 2 men or women sharing a bed

            v.         punishment of liwaat

            k.         leaving out wajibaats intentionally (e.g. salah, sawm, khums, hajj, jihad)

            l.          wickedness

            m.        betraying secrets

            n.         doubtfulness

            o.         hardheartedness


Last Updated ( Wednesday, 26 November 2008 )
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